Aquamarine is a teal variety of the beryl group of minerals and a close relative of the precious emerald. Exceptional in quality and durability, aquamarine is famed for its distinctive blue-green color, which can go from pale blue to deep seawater and even teal hue. The depth of the color is dictated by the amount of iron found in the gemstone’s composition, which is why there is such an immense difference of hue between specimens. The more saturated the color, the higher the value of the aquamarine.
The word "aquamarine" is derived from the Latin expression "aqua marine," which means "water of the sea." Deposits of aquamarine are sources from many parts of the world, including Madagascar, India, Kenya, China, Australia, Mozambique, and Nigeria, with the largest being Brazil.
The March birthstone is also believed to have a soothing influence on married couples, which makes it an ideal gift for any occasion, be it a romantic dinner for two, an anniversary, or Valentine’s Day.
Some believe the March birthstone has powerful healing properties that can reduce anxiety, cure insomnia as well as ailments of the mouth, throat, jaw, and liver, and also enhance mental clarity, communication, and emotional balance. During the Middle Ages, the stone was said to be an effective remedy against poison. Aquamarine was considered the source of power for soothsayers, who used it to tell fortunes and answer questions about the future.
Legend says aquamarine was the prized possession of mermaids, protecting sailors during the hazardous journey across the seas and bringing them good luck. There are several myths surrounding the aquamarine birthstone. The first documented use of the crystal was in Ancient Greece between 480 and 300 B.C., when it was engraved with the figure of Poseidon, the Greek God of the Sea, on a chariot. In Ancient Egypt, aquamarine crystals were put in tombs for the journey to the afterlife. The Romans also carried the stone as a talisman to protect against the dangers of the sea and have a prosperous journey, as it was associated with Neptune, King of the Sea. Even Emperor Nero used aquamarine as an eyeglass 2,000 years ago. Later, aquamarine stones were used as glasses in Germany to correct shortsightedness.