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Jewelry Guide
Twelve Birthstones
Diamond
Diamond
A symbol of affection, strength, eternity, and ever-lasting love, the April birthstone is an admired object of desire.
About Diamond
About Diamond
· Diamond ·
Properties

The birthstone for April, diamond is one of the most-prized precious stones today, and an object of desire for every woman wanting to adorn herself with its sparkling and sophisticated beauty. Diamonds consist of a single element, carbon, with atoms arranged in a strong, tetrahedral structure that lend it extreme hardness and remarkable durability. In fact, a diamond can only be scratched by another diamond.

Its name is derived from the Greek word "adamas," meaning "invicible" and "unbreakable" – a very proper way of describing those born in April.

· Diamond ·
Symbolism

Much like springtime, diamonds are also believed to symbolize new beginnings, which is why they are considered a wonderful gift for a loved one. Culturally, diamonds are associated with many stories and folklore. In ancient Greece, the fire of the diamond was thought to symbolize the flame of eternal love.

When shared with other crystals, diamonds were said to boost one’s energy and improve individual balance. The April birthstone was also thought to provide the wearer with better relationships and increase inner strength.

· Diamond ·
Myths

For centuries, people have been using alternative medicine in the form of healing crystals, and diamonds had their own list of perceived health benefits. In fact, they were believed to alleviate pituitary gland issues, increase intellectual capacity, fix insanity, clear out toxins in the body, and also be beneficial for diabetes patients or those fighting tuberculosis.

The 4 C's of Diamonds: Carat, Cut, Color, Clarity
Diamonds are valued based on an international classification system, known as the 4C’s: carat, cut, color, and clarity.
Carat
The carat is the diamond’s physical weight, measured in metric carats. One carat is equal to the fifth part, or 1/5, of a gram. In nature, large diamonds occur very rarely, and thus they have a much higher value than smaller ones. The price of a diamond increases exponentially to its size and weight. The word “carat” comes from the Greek word “keration,” meaning carob seeds.
Cut
The cut of a diamond refers to its reflective qualities – in other words, its ability to reflect light. The angles and finish of a cut determine the diamond’s ability to handle light, and generate that inner brilliance that has been capturing hearts since ancient times. When a diamond is well-cut, light enters through the table, which is the flat, uppermost part of a diamond, travels to the pavilion (the angled portion that forms the tip of the diamond), where it reflects from one side to the other, then back through the table and to the observer’s eye. The result is nothing short of extraordinary. If a diamond is poorly cut, the light leaks from its sides or bottom upon reaching the pavilion, which ultimately impacts its brilliance.
Color
The grade of “whiteness” or “colorlessness” in a white diamond is given by its composition. Much like a clear window, a perfectly-colorless diamond allows more light to pass through it, resulting in more brilliance and sparkle. A perfectly-colorless diamond is free from impurities and structurally flawless, which is why its value will be considerably higher than that of a diamond with faint traces of light yellow or brown color.
Clarity
Natural diamonds form under an impressive amount of pressure, which often results in blemishes and inclusions. The clarity of a diamond refers to the lack thereof – because the fewer blemishes and inclusions a diamond has, the rarer and more valuable it is. While blemishes, such as scratches, chips, and pits, some of which might occur during the cutting process, can be found on the surface of the diamond, inclusions, like air bubbles, cracks, and other non-diamond minerals, can be found within the diamond, and normally occur during its natural formation process. Diamond clarity is graded from F (meaning Flawless – a diamond that is structurally and internally flawless, without any inclusions or blemishes) to I1-I2-I3 (meaning Included 1, 2, and 3 – a diamond with inclusions visible under 10-power magnification as well as to the human eye).
Products inspired by Diamond
Diamond-inspired jewelry adds intricate detailing and sparkle to your favorite look. Get inspired to create your own styling with our sterling silver white opal beauties.