Found in many parts of the world, the garnet group of minerals share similar physical properties and crystal forms, but differ in chemical composition. The main garnet species include almandine, grossular, uvarovite, pyrope, andradite, and spessartine. The name "garnet" comes from the 14th-century Middle English word "gernet," which means "dark red," an allusion to the rich red hue of the gemstone. "Gernet" is derived from the Latin word "granatum," meaning "grain" and "seed," a possible reference to "pomegranate" due to the similarities between the color of the stone and that of the fruit's dark red seeds.
Garnet comes in a rainbow of colors including red, yellow, orange, blue, black, pink, green, and brown, with reddish hues most common.
Also called the "Gem of Faith," garnet bestows eternal happiness, health, and wealth, and brings friendship, loyalty, and sincerity to those born in January.
Others say garnet signifies victory, purity, truth, faith, and protection. The January birthstone is often associated with awareness, insight, commitment, and regeneration, and is believed to counter black magic and dark forces. Legend says garnet lights up the night and protects their owners from nightmares.
Garnet is said to bring terrible fortune to the wearer unless it’s returned to its rightful owner. To the righteous, honest, and trustworthy, the stone is said to aid their fortune and bring peace in their lives. A green garnet is a symbol of prosperity and success, while a garnet that lost its luster becomes a harbinger of bad tidings.